Facebook deletes Movie sharing pages in India


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The Social networking giant Facebook removed most of the famous movie sharing Indian Facebook pages with millions of followers.

It was a rumor that page owners received calls from cyber cell to shut down the pages and remove pirated contents before  a day of close down happened. The Facebook officials haven’t officially stated the reasons behind the clean up. The internet entrepreneurs  in India feels that Facebook is gearing to start promoting movies by rewarding the original producers and copy right owners.

If Facebook go in the same path like Google moves towards the revenue sharing schemes on the internet, it will be competitive for young producers. Indian video producers are looking for a leap into good revenue streams like YouTube have on the internet. As the Indian Internet Economy raise to Billions in the future, the social giants can easily reward the people with millions of cash.

The following cleanup in the pirated video sharing pages is probably the first step towards making it the way to bring the original video producers on lime light. So lets see what FB is gearing for?

You can comment your views on anti piracy movement of Facebook in recent times.

Why did Nokia Symbian OS failed ?



I remember going to Nokia World back in 2008, right after the iPhone came out. They kept making fun of Apple, saying that the iPhone had inferior hardware, especially pointing at the camera.

But I kept telling execs I hated using their phones and they never had an answer to that.

The arrogance at Nokia (and amongst its fans) continued until December of 2010 when a Nokia executive made fun of the “Cupertino distortion field.” Over the years I’ve heard many, many excuses from Nokia, saying they had the market share and that mattered more than Apple’s “toy user interface.” I kept saying that they were nuts. Elop finally woke them up.

Why did Symbian fail?

Because its designers designed it for previous generations of phones and couldn’t react when Apple came on the market with a completely rethought OS.

Apple’s OS did have an inferior camera, but that’s not what was most important. What was? Could you use the web browser with fewer clicks? Could you understand how to get the sushi place in town to come up on the map? Could you find good apps to use? Could you buy them? Could you install and uninstall them?

In every IMPORTANT way iOS was better (and so was Android, which basically copied iOS and got “good enough”).

If Nokia was more humble, they could have copied Apple sooner and headed off SOME of the threat. The additional problem is, though, that Google and Apple were far better competitors than they were, and so took everyone’s eyes off the top end.

The Symbian fail started with the iPhone fever… Everyone wanted and still wants to have an iPhone, just because it’s cool, but if you take a look back in the history of Symbian, at the S60 3rd Edition it was the best OS for a phone ever, but at that time Symbian had an opponent too, called Palm OS, on the Palm Treo 650, which was a great device, but the Nokia system was still the best on the market those times.

So when the iPhone came out people started to gave up on Symbian and getting into iOS, because it was touch-friendly, a lot different from the stylus-friendly interface from Windows Mobile and the others, and also because Apple is a corporation that really knows how to make marketing, so Nokia started to fall a bit because they won’t have any touch devices, so Android came out to make Nokia a lot worst at the global market.

Nokia was desperate and finally released some touch phones, but the problem was that they made Symbian just compatible with the touch hardware, but forgot to make the system really compatible by applying a touch interface. So they lost they really lost the battle because of this very big failure. Then some months ago a chart was spotted, that Android phones were more popular than Nokia ones(on sells). On a desperate measure Nokia kicked Symbian’s off and made an agreement with Microsoft, which made Symbian R.I.P.

Paris Attacks 13/11 Truth and stories.




The attacks occurred at various places in Paris and the Seine-Saint-Denis.

At the Stade de France, from which people were going out after a football match, people were shot with assault weapons and two kamikazes exploded.

In the Bataclan, the Eagles of Death Metal were giving a live for roughly 1.500 spectators. 70 of them at least have been shot dead with automatic rifles. The three terrorists responsible for this have been assaulted and shot 00:45.

Some of these terrorists have also shot some bars, restaurants, terrasses and places along the way.

At this time, the poll counts 120, unknown regarding the wounded and 5 terrorists down, the three form the live and the kamikazes. But the night isn’t over.

The President have consulted his ministers and decided to close the borders and to cancel his trip to the G20 in order to stay in the country. The leaders from every politic parties (from far left to far right) have stated that they all united, the current political campaigns toward the regional presidencies are paused for the moment.

Regarding the closed borders, it means that inner and outer transports are down from now. No trains and flights, even the regional ones. More information tomorrow.

Regarding the situation in Paris, it’s calm. No attacks have been reported since the alert.

Regarding what will happen now, we can only wait to see how the government will react.

We still don’t know who did these attacks and who planned them. It can be Daesh, since we’re at war with them, or for accepting the Syrians, it can also be people who hope that the French will hold the Syrian responsible for that (because they did it or because Daesh was mad about it), we don’t know yet and are still waiting for anyone one to endorse it.

I know, various governments around the world will make statements about that case. Which will and how will give use more information. If it’s actually an early Christmas gift from Daesh, given the fact that our (France and the other participants, mostly Westerners) engagement in Middle-East has been called a Crusade very recently, we look forward to see Saudi Arabia’s reaction.
The President is quite often mocked for his placid allure, especially in contrast with the very nervous former one, but when some issues need fast answers, he’s known to respond right and swift, as we noticed in January, and otherwise regarding social or economical issues.

The Historical View on France

France is historically connected to the region daesch operates in. Its history of colonization means that many people in areas where daesch is active speak French, and think of France when they think of ‘the west’. France is mentally ‘closer’.

This historical connection also means there are lots of people from those regions living in (around, actually – we’ll come to that) Paris.

France has a problem with racists. There are lots of them, and they occupy seats of power. A tradition of free speech combined with tacit support for their ideas means that people in power often say things that sit right on the edge of hate speech.

France likes to hold the illusion that ‘all French are French’, and thus doesn’t collect data on minorities, so has no idea how many there are, or what their situation is, officially. Unofficially, for many of them, it’s bad. Really bad.

Public housing over the decades has led to a serious ghettoisation of minorities in locations far from the city center, and far from jobs. Transit design has magnified these problems.

Youths in these areas, then, have no future – unemployment is staggering. And the public discourse is often racist. Policing in these areas is also racist. The riots a decade ago were an example of how close to the boiling point this all is.

Daesch has been effectively recruiting these youths for some time. This is well known. Estimates I saw today suggest 500 trained guerrilas are now living in France (though the accuracy of this is obviously suspect).

So take a radical organization that thrives on public attacks, add youths who don’t see a future for themselves, add a historical connection and racist politicians that makes targeting easier, add a soupçon of ease of transport of arms (as we’ve seen with the refugee crisis, people can drive a truck full of anything into Europe without too much difficulty) and you end up with these horrible attacks.

French View on Muslims.

The country’s radical secularism clashes with many Muslims’ desire to publicly display their faith With news that the chief suspects in the massacre on Wednesday at the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdoare French citizens, a new mystery emerges: how could the land of liberty, equality and fraternity have produced men hell-bent on destroying all three? While the attack may evoke comparisons to earlier tragedies in New York, London, or Madrid, France’s relationship with its Muslim citizens is particular — and particularly fraught. What sets France on a particular collision course with Islamic practices is the country’s radical brand of secularism — and this ideology’s impact on French Muslim life.
With more than 5 million Muslims, France may have Western Europe’s largest Muslim community, but its relationship with Islam has been tenser than, say, Britain’s or Germany’s. An older generation of French Muslims has been alienated by memories of the Algerian War in the 1950s, when local groups battled for independence from more than a century of French rule, with its heavy-handed disdain for local customs. Their children and grandchildren frequently feel excluded from mainstream society because of their Arabic names or the color of their skin.

Such feelings may be shared by other European Muslims, but French Muslims face not just social hurdles, but an officially-enshrined hostility to public displays of faith. Having fought its revolution, in part, to keep priests from meddling in state affairs, France has a passion for keeping church and state separate. “Secularism,” states france.fr, France’s official information website, “is a French invention.” Where the French cherish the neutrality of the public realm, free from any religious symbolism, mainstream Muslim culture embraces public declarations of religiosity through the veil or the call to prayer. France’s cherished codes of secularism clash with the public nature of the practice of Islam, a faith that in Muslim-majority countries is stamped on public life, from politics to laws to the wearing of beards and veils, or breaking for prayers in the middle of the work-day.

France prefers its faiths kept private: its 1905 law on the separation of church and state was the legal basis for the much-contested 2004 ban on veils, crosses and yarmulkes in schools. The veil debate pitted Muslim women’s desire for self-expression against the core French values of equality and universalism, noted Princeton political scientist Joan Wallach Scott in her book The Politics of the Veil. Supporters of the ban, wrote Scott, believed veils chipped away at the French ideal of “the oneness, the sameness of all individuals,” under the Tricoleur.

For many Muslims, it’s the official insistence on oneness and sameness that rankles. In 2008, a French court denied a Moroccan woman French citizenship on the grounds that her veil and her submissiveness to her husband were “assimilation defects.” Though the New York Times reported “almost unequivocal support for the ruling across the political spectrum,” one Muslim leader told the paper he worried the decision set a precedent for arbitrary decisions of what constitues a radical Muslim lifestyle. In 2010, the French Senate banned public wearing of face-coverings, including the Muslim face-veil, the niqab. And in 2013, the government launched what it called a Charter for Secularity in School, a set of guidelines on 15 key points of secularism to be posted in classrooms as an attempt to keep religion out of school. The then-government education minister, Vincent Peillon, insisted it was an attempt “to get everyone together,” but it had the opposite effect, with Muslim leaders claiming it stigmatized their community.


Seven Top skills required for a marketing or sales executive


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sales executive

Here are the Seven Top skills required for a marketing or sales executive, Check if you have the skills to be a perfect marketing executive.

  • Tenacity – Sales people need to be able to stick things out until the end.  Recognize that there is an end, but you have to stay there the entire time.  It is critical to stay engaged and not to get discouraged in an opportunity where there is revenue to be made.  It’s critical to be able to ensure your customer you will be there throughout the process, and beyond it.  Post-sales support is pre-sales support for the next time they buy.
  • Accepting Rejection – As a corollary to the above, in any competitive environment, a sales person has to be able to take no for an answer in the right context.  Most sales roles mean that 7-9 times out of 10, you are going to get “No.” as your answer.  You have to be mentally tough enough to take that and bounce back enough to devote all of your attention onto the next opportunity.  While many people see sales people as hanging on to every last morsel of possibility, the reality is that the most effective sales people know when to cut bait and head off to a new opportunity.  You can always come back later… if you leave the opportunity before you are kicked out.
  • Listening – Effectively taking in who your customers are and what they need and what they want.  You can win a sale on a need, you can win a sale on a want, but ideal sales situations come from understanding both the need and the wants, because they are often different things, and knowing both can substantially grow a sale.
  • Empathy – Sales people are successful when their product or service is successful, and that success depends on the person making the purchase.  Understanding what motivates your customers, what problems they are solving and what life is like in their shoes is key to successful sales, especially repeat business and referrals.
  • Closing – You have to be able to ask for the money.  This is a surprisingly difficult part of the sale and can be extremely uncomfortable, but 100% necessary in trying actually booking a deal.  You never (ok rarely) get a sale in a competitive environment without asking for it.
  • Follow up – A successful sales person doesn’t sell something once.  You build relationships over time and continue to grow business.  Whether it’s car sales people, to technology sales, software or hardware, your best customers are your repeat customers.  Forming trust relationships is extremely important.
  • Multitasking – If you aren’t able to juggle multiple things, you probably don’t want to be in sales.  Between forecasting, prospecting, pitching, closing and follow up, it’s definitely a busy life.  And, if you are putting all of your eggs in one opportunity basket, you are going to be ripe for disappointment.  A successful sales person is able to juggling multiple opportunity and hedge their bets across them in order to make their numbers

Vh1 Supersonic Arcade: Skrillex India Tour-Banglore


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Vh1 Supersonic Arcade: Skrillex India Tour-This  Oct 8th Thursday in Bangalore Supernova Arena

Enquiries: Mr Nemo, +919611167063

G.A PHASE 2 INR 2,280.00
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What makes Elon Musk a real Super Hero?



Elon Musk

Elon Musk is not a real super hero, Infact may be his companies can make him a super hero with inventing something.

Lot of people never heard of this guy Elon Musk,
So Elon Musk is the guy who founded PayPal. And Tesla Motors. And SpaceX. And a bunch of other companies.

He is a brilliant engineer and entrepreneur. When he was 10, he bought a computer, and by age 12 programmed a game and sold it for 500 USD. Later ( in 1995) , he went to Stanford ( for a second degree ), which is what a kid like him would do.

He dropped out after 2 days to start a company called Zip2, which he sold to AltaVista for ~ 341 million $ in cash and stock, in 1999. He got $22 million off the deal. At this point, anybody would stop and start swimming in cash. But his biggest three ventures are yet to come.
He then founded Page on x.com, which after a merger became Send Money, Pay Online or Set Up a Merchant Account – PayPal, the world’s first online payment system. PayPal was sold to E-Bay for 1.5 billion $ in 2002. He made 170 million $ from this. PayPal’s co-founder decided to fund other startups in the silicon valley. But Elon Musk? He had to be inventing.
What would you do if you had sold one of the world’s largest Internet companies and made a millions of dollars. Or, what would Iron Man do? Well, he would start a new company that makes rockets. Which is exactly what he did. And being the hardcore entrepreneur that he is, he went all in and bet all of his money on his ideas. Because they were worth pursuing. SpaceX, the company he founded in 2002, got a contract from NASA 6 years later for 1.6 billion $. This is why he thinks space technology is important –

An asteroid or a super volcano could destroy us, and we face risks the dinosaurs never saw: An engineered virus, inadvertent creation of a micro black hole, catastrophic global warming or some as-yet-unknown technology could spell the end of us. Humankind evolved over millions of years, but in the last sixty years atomic weaponry created the potential to extinguish ourselves. Sooner or later, we must expand life beyond this green and blue ball—or go extinct.

He aims to bring down the cost of space flights by a factor of 100. And then retire on Mars.
SpaceX recently launched Dragon, which is the first private spaceflight to go to International Space Station.

He also founded Tesla Motors, where he is the head of product design. Tesla is an electric car company, which recently announced that their car Model S will be available soon.
And then he founded SolarCity, which is the largest provider of solar-powered systems in the US.
He founded Tesla and Solar City to help save the environment. Tesla is a publicly traded company and he plans to take SpaceX and SolarCity public, soon. He is currently worth ~ 2 billion $.
And if this is not enough to prove that he is the real life Tony Stark, then there is more proof that he is. The proof being that the Tony Stark most people know, the movie character in the Iron Man and Avengers, played by Robert Downey Jr., is based on Elon Musk himself.
The director Jon Favreau and Robert Downey Jr. were developing the character, when RDJ suggested that they meet Elon Musk, as he was the closest to what came to the comic book millionaire-inventor. Favreau said –

“Elon Musk makes no sense — and that’s the reason I know him. When I was trying to bring the character of genius billionaire Tony Stark to the big screen in Iron Man, I had no idea how to make him seem real. Robert Downey Jr. said, ‘We need to sit down with Elon Musk.”

Do mobile phones trouble airplane? or interfere air traffic controls ?



DO mobile phones or cell phones interfere air plane or atc signals? here is the answer.

So, if cell phones actually DO interfere why haven’t I heard about it?
First of all, it’s fairly rare. The interference doesn’t happen every time a phone is on inside an airplane. I hear it maybe once or twice a month, and I fly about 50 flights every month. So it’s rare, but I’m guessing 2-3% of the flights is a lot more common than the “once in a million” or “never” that most people guess. It’s usually spurious. It happens once or twice and that’s it. Here are a few of the factors that determine whether or not a phone is going to blast the pilot’s ear:
1. Timing. Most of the time, the phone has to be actively transmitting at high power to cause the audible interference. That means it needs to be sending or receiving a call at the edge of cell reception, which is usually around 5,000 to 10,000 feet. On the ground with good reception it’s rare to hear the interference (but not impossible) and for most of the flight above 10,000′ you don’t have reception and your phone is just blissfully draining its battery in peace.
2. The phone. Some models are worse than others, with GSM phones being some of the worst offenders. And as time goes on, I’m hearing it less and less as phone technology advances.
3. The airplane. My personal opinion is that size is more of a factor than age here. Most of my flight experience over the past decade has been in smaller regional jets. An electrical engineer will be able to give you equations about field strength and dropoff over distance. I’m not an electrical engineer, so I’ll sum it up and say that you have to be pretty close to the radio equipment for your phone to interfere. So in a 767 with a wide fuselage and a galley between the cockpit and first class there might not be any passenger seat close enough to radio equipment for a cell phone to interfere. On a RJ, the first few seats can be within ten feet of the pilots’ radios.
All of these have to coincide for a phone to cause audible interference.

Secondly, and in the interest of full disclosure…it’s usually a crewmember’s phone. As I said, distance is a key factor and the pilots and forward flight attendants sit closest to the radios. When we hear the “dit-dit-dit-dit” over the radio the conversation usually goes like this:
Pilot 1 <sing-song voice>: Some-body left their phone on.
Pilot 2: Not it.
Pilot 1: Probably the flight attendant’s.
(There’s a 30% chance it WAS Pilot 2.)

In any case, it’s not worth making an announcement to the passengers when it’s probably only going to happen once. It’s definitely not worth doing extra paperwork by reporting it to the FAA.

But wait! If airplanes can be affected by my cell phone why allow them on the plane at all?
If you ask me if phones interfere, I’ll say yes. If you ask if they’re dangerous…eh, not really. It’s annoying, but the practical result of this interference is that the radio frequency is blocked for a few seconds. Pilots train regularly to deal with an engine failing right as they’re taking off. They train for fires, for flight control failures, for losing their instrument readouts, for having their instruments suddenly go wonky, for recovering from wake turbulence that rolls the aircraft wings-vertical, for losing the hydraulics, for losing all electrical power. They know procedures for losing all onboard navigation. There are procedures for losing all onboard radios that they learn early on in flight training. If you ask an airline pilot to name one thing that could cause an airliner to crash out of the clear blue sky besides a bomb or missile, they’re going to be thinking for a while before they say “Oh, yeah! Geese.” They’re definitely not going to say, “Well, having a radio frequency blocked for two seconds would do it.” The same practical effect happens when two people speak at once on the frequency and that is happening somewhere in the world at this very moment. Since the actual danger posed to the aircraft by an interfering cell phone is much lower than…well, any one of a hundred things that regularly exist on an average flight there’s no point in banning phones from airplanes.

Would I get in trouble if I accidentally leave my phone on and it interferes?
Probably not, for all the reasons I mentioned above. It’s just not worth it generally for the crew to hunt down a phone that generates a bit of noise on the radio. And pilots are allergic to paperwork, so it really wouldn’t be worth it to report a passenger to the FAA. That’s technically possible, but practically speaking it’s not going to happen unless the passenger refuses to stop texting when they’re asked to put their airplane mode on.

What’s the worst that could happen from this interference?
There are older reports about phones causing navigation needles to jump around, but I’ve never seen that effect myself and I’m guessing that those were all back in the past when electronic shielding was not as good as today.

The most serious case I experienced was a few years ago when a passenger at the front of my small regional jet was holding a long text conversation on his GSM phone as we were being vectored for approach below 10,000′ on a very busy radio frequency. It was the perfect storm of cell phone interference. Every time he sent a text we’d get the “dit-dit-dit-dit” on the radio. From our end, it just meant that the typically spurious interference was not spurious this time and it was making us miss radio calls. The second time we missed a radio call ATC started using their exasperated “talking to a small child” voice.
“JetWeasel 1234, Des-cend to FOUR thou-sand. And listen up.”
We called the flight attendant, who assured us her phone was off and then noticed 2A was surreptitiously texting on his phone and trying to hide it. She told him it was interfering with the cockpit and he quickly turned it off. The interference stopped. Did he get in trouble? No, what would be the point? Like every other passenger he thought that the “interference” thing was a myth. He turned it off when asked, so no big deal.

But…a few weeks ago at Chicago Midway two aircraft with very similar-sounding callsigns were lined up on crossing runways waiting to take off. And when one was cleared to go, they both thought the call was for them and started to take off at the same time right at each other. Fortunately, Midway Tower ATC noticed right away and yelled for them to abort the takeoff. That would have been a very bad two seconds for a pilot’s radio to be blocked.

In conclusion: it’s not really dangerous to forget to put your phone into airplane mode and you’re not going to get fined by the FAA as long as you don’t argue about it. But it can be quite annoying to the pilots and it’s going to drain your batteries. So please turn your airplane mode on, sit back, relax, and enjoy your flight

Do Airlines sell more seats than they have on a flight ?



airbus a380 interior

Yes, They Do Sell.

This practice is called overbooking. If there are 180 seats on the flight, the airline might sell 190. (I’m making this number up, but that’s the general concept.) The airline has algorithms to predict how many no-shows will be booked on every flight. That’s you. So they get to sell your seat twice, and keep the money both times. If too many people show up, the gate agents ask for volunteers to give up their seats in exchange for compensation, usually a voucher for $200-$400 and a guaranteed seat on the next flight out. If there are no volunteers, only then will anyone be bumped (involuntarily denied boarding), for which the compensation will be somewhat greater. But normally there will be enough volunteers that no one will have to be bumped.

Bumpees are usually low-status fliers who have paid relatively low ticket prices and — this is a huge factor — have no seat assignment. Make sure you get a seat assignment when you buy your ticket if you can, or in any event at least 24 hours before scheduled departure. In my experience, if you have a seat assignment you will never be denied boarding unless you volunteer.

Unless you pay extra for a fully refundable fare, this is the deal you agreed to when you bought your ticket. As long as people are willing to roll the dice by purchasing nonrefundable fares to save money, the airlines will continue to operate in this manner.

This practice is officially declared by some of the Airlines, but no legal system has banned this practice.

10 simple ways to get rich


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simple ways to get rich

Everyone is always trying to get rich, and they all flock to the latest book, or video, or course on how to get rich on the internet, or by flipping houses, selling million dollar property, whatever.

The problem here lies that everyone (and I do include myself in this 100%) is always trying to find the next wave to ride, instead of having a clear vision.

To achieve any goal, you must:

  1. Have a goal. Most people have no goal. If you have no goal, how will you know what you are striving towards.
  2. Have a plan. Without a clear plan to reach your goal, you will never achieve it. You must be extremely clear with your plan. Your plan will change over time, but it is very important that you understand your plan.
  3. Vision. You must clearly see your goal. Arnold Schwarzenegger said he was sure of becoming a bodybuilding champion because he could clearly SEE himself on stage winning first place. He could clearly SEE himself becoming one of the biggest movie stars. You must be able to visualize your goal. See yourself becoming successful.
  4. Action. To succeed at any goal you have to take MASSIVE ACTION! It is far better to play basketball and learn than it is to read about basketball. Dont spend ALL of your time preparing and reading books. Define a plan, and execute. Then learn from your successes and failures.
  5. Mentors. This is an extremely important step. It is like having a Sherpa for a mountain climbing expedition. Your mentors will give you critical advice that will help you reach your current goals and set bigger ones. They will also assure you that you are on the right path in times of doubt. Remember that you should always have MULTIPLE mentors and that these can be people that you just ask a question or two every once in a while. You do not have to reach out and ask them to physically become your mentor. If you do ask someone to become your mentor, remember that you must be willing to give them something of value in return (time, money, referral, contact, information, etc). Something of value.
  6. People. You are a product of your environment. You are most like the 5 people you spend most of your time with. To ensure success, make sure you are surrounded by successful, positive people who can help you achieve your goal. Dont listen to the naysayers.
  7. Analyze. Analyze what works and what does not work. You must analyze your plan and adapt. Do more of what works, none of what doesnt and try out new strategies and angles to succeed.
  8. Fail. Dont be afraid to fail. The biggest obstacle to success is not wanting to fail. The faster you fail, learn, and get back up, the faster you will succeed. Dont be afraid to fail.
  9. Believe. You must be very clear in your mind that you will succeed despite the fact that you are failing at certain parts along the way. This is why it is important to have a well defined goal and plan. If you get discouraged, you can look at the plan, and analyze what parts are working and what parts need to be changed in order to reach your goal.

Becoming rich is no different than achieving any other goal. Be very clear on how you will succeed and then dont stop, even when you reach your goal.

keep in mind that “rich” is not a  destination, it is a state of being. A person who once had $0, and now has $500 million will most likely feel “rich”. And a person who once had $60  billion, and now has $500 million may not.

Knowledge as power


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We live in the midst of different powers and dichotomies. Fire and water, North and South, black and white, love and hate. Power which is both a liberator and an oppressor is such a dichotomy. It depends upon who uses it on whom. Some we feel, while some go unnoticed. The power of air is felt when the wind blows. The invisible mother’s love is visible when her child cries. Mother Nature herself is an embodiment of different manifestations of power.

So what is power? It can be plainly put as the ability to do something. It can be to create, mend or destroy. In nature we see the different manifestations of power. Flowing water, blowing wind, light from the Sun all are different powers. Here we are going to see a power which is made and enhanced by man through his experiences from the day he took birth.

Knowledge became power when man realized physical strength alone won’t help him go further. Observation was the first source of knowledge. He started to record what he went through, it became the knowledge source for the coming generations. Recording of information underwent a paradigm shift when man learnt to print and it got further revolutionalised with the advent of the Internet. Both inventions fundamentally changed the availability of knowledge. Knowledge became more accessible to common man. It was knowledge acquired through rational thinking which resulted in the Renaissance. This outbreak of knowledge redrew national boundaries. New states were created and while some went into the oblivion. The quest for knowledge had begun, in the Western world. In India the Hindu philosophy had reached its pinnacle centuries before. Seers here prayed to remove the darkness of ignorance through the light of knowledge.

As the Western quest for knowledge created colonies, slavery and World Wars becoming the oppressor, Indian knowledge created Buddha, Ayurveda and Gandhi, making it the liberator. The wars made the West to use knowledge as a power to be used in its defensive and offensive. They created U-boats and chemical weapons while India extolled tolerance and brotherhood.

West’s attempt was always to monopolize whatever it created or acquired. Monopolization of knowledge was institutionalized through WIPO and WTO. The open-source mode of knowledge dissemination which the West learned after Linux was already present in India where Mahabharata and Arthasastra are argued to be interpolations and till date no one have claimed copyright for these epic creations. This decentralization of knowledge made the post-Independent India to insert Article 21A to its Constitution and made access to information a legal right. Here again we see the liberator knowledge.

The Twenty First century is the information age. Information is now technology. IT is changing people’s lives. Governments have switched to more governance through e-governance. But is it all good about knowledge as power? It is said that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Unless used for legitimate means knowledge like any power can be dangerous. Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Kasargod are examples of abuse of this power. The recent revelations made by Wikileaks and Snowden shows how democratic countries misuse knowledge as a power. The snooping under the guise of anti-terrorism was actually to know in advance a country’s economic and environmental stance.art2

The openness and availability of knowledge is highly essential for human beings to realize their full potential. Knowledge as an empowering tool will enable people to take informed decisions. Article 21A, Right to Information and National e-Governance Plan will be a true liberator of the illiterate masses of this country. Like any other power when used ethically and morally knowledge is the best source of power which man has ever come across.

“Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, every family.”  – Kofi Annan